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Increased development focus lifting Montana hockey

01/05/2018, 11:00am MST
By Jayson Hron

Participation, performance climbs in Big Sky Country

Many-splendored Montana, with its big skies, tall peaks and mad grizzlies, ranked among the faster-growing American states by population in 2017. Hockey participation in the Treasure State is also on the rise, with strong gains in every category. But it’s not merely a surge in transplants driving the growth, and that’s great news for the game’s future in Big Sky Country.

“The players moving in from other states are the exception,” said Pete Kamman, Montana Amateur Hockey Association coach-in-chief. “The vast majority of the growth is coming from non-traditional, first-generation Montana hockey players picking up skates and sticks and coming to the rink. It’s awesome to see. Almost every association in the state is seeing an influx of kids, especially at the younger levels.”

Kamman is one of the people harnessing that momentum and making sure those boys and girls skate toward their full long-term potential. Raised primarily in Chicago, he vacationed in Montana with his family, and after playing club hockey at Miami University, he decided to become a Big Sky transplant.

“It was a six-month plan that turned in to 12 or 13 years now,” said Kamman. “I never left.”

Stationed in Bozeman, Kamman works closely with longtime Montana hockey architect Al Bloomer and MAHA president Mike McIntosh to nurture the state’s burgeoning puck passion. They recently celebrated the opening of a second ice sheet in Bozeman and they’re hopeful about the addition of a third sheet in Missoula. Outdoor rinks in Dillon, Red Lodge, Big Sky, Philipsburg and Lewistown have also sprung up to accommodate the rising interest.

“They’re really focusing on growing the 6U and 8U programs with the hope of fielding 10U teams in the coming seasons,” said Kamman. “In Big Sky, they went from, like, six kids two years ago to almost 70 now.”

As players throughout Montana develop their skills, they have two newish initiatives helping propel them to higher heights: the preseason Montana Hockey Summit and the postseason Montana Player Development Camp.

The summit is a weekend-long gathering of Montana’s entire hockey family. This season, it welcomed 70 coaches who gained or elevated their USA Hockey certification, along with boys and girls from each age classification who experienced three days of focused player development. USA Hockey’s Joe Bonnett, an American Development Model regional manager, was also there to help communicate the benefits of prioritizing long-term athlete development and doing what’s best for kids.

“It’s our big flagship event to begin the season,” said Kamman. “For the coaches, it’s a great environment to expand their knowledge, and for the players, they get five on-ice sessions plus dryland training, chalk talks, education on nutrition and other ways they can gain an edge in their training and overall development.”

Fast-forward to season’s end and the state development camp has morphed into something far different than previous iterations. What used to be solely an evaluation camp for a limited number of players hoping to advance to the district camp is now a full-scale development opportunity open to wide swath of players (12U through 18U for the boys; 10U though 18U for the girls) and every coach in Montana.

“It’s our crown jewel event,” said Kamman. “My goal is to have representation from every single association in the state. Each player gets about seven hours of ice time over the three days with skill development, small-area games and game-situation drills. The evaluations still happen, but we emphasize the skill development and not the evaluation part.”

Three years ago, prior to the format change, approximately only 50 players participated. Last year, the event welcomed 200 players, not to mention USA Hockey staff and headliners like Celeste Brown, a Great Falls native who skated for the NWHL’s Connecticut Whale and now serves as an assistant women’s hockey coach at Penn State University.

A commonality of the preseason summit and the postseason camp is the absence of four- or five-game tournament-style slogs. Instead, the focus is on true player development on and off the ice. Gone is grind of comparatively meaningless games. Instead, Montana’s summit and camp participants experience high-engagement, high-intensity practice structures that maximize puck time, challenge and decision-making opportunities for every player. This paradigm shift links directly with studies showing that one proper practice provides players with the equivalent of 11 games worth of puck touches and skill development. It’s a sure recipe for nurturing high-performance play and long-term potential while minimizing burnout.

“The kids are definitely seeing a benefit from it, because they aren’t just going from tournament to tournament now,” said Kamman. “They are putting in some true development time instead, then going to a tournament. You’re seeing progress in those kids. They’re going down the right path.”

Kamman saw the extraordinary effects of a practice-heavy model first hand in 2016 during a mentoring experience with USA Hockey’s National Team Development Program. He built on that by serving as a team leader during USA Hockey’s National Boys Player Development Camp in 2017, working with many of the nation’s top players and coaches.

“Seeing the attention to detail and how a world-class player development organization is run, those were fantastic experiences, and being able to bring back little nuggets from those environments to our kids in Montana is awesome,” said Kamman. “The kids out here have always been hungry to play, but now we’re getting better direction, with things like the ADM and the coaching education, and that’s resulting in some good things.”

Among those good things is the increasing number of Montana boys and girls who are not only playing the game, but playing it at higher levels than ever before.

“We’re starting to see our kids compete more on the district and national level, whereas, a few years ago, it just didn’t happen,” said Kamman. “And it’s not just the random kid here or there. We’re getting multiple kids at all age levels making noise at the district levels, which has never happened before. Over the last couple of seasons, we’ve had a few boys and girls push to the national camps, which has rarely ever happened before. So the younger groups that are coming up, we’re seeing more success on a bigger scale than we have in the past, which is fueling even more growth.”

And while Montana’s rinks are spread farther across the map than some other states, those miles seem to be getting shorter all the time thanks to the can-do western spirit and MAHA.

“People think we’re crazy because of the challenges we face with sheer distance – sometimes driving six hours to league games – but the positive flipside is that Montana’s hockey parents and kids have become such a great, tight-knit hockey family,” said Kamman. “Everybody knows everybody across the state. I guess, in some ways, one of our biggest challenges has become a benefit, because it brings us all together.”

Players skate through stations during Montana's 2017 preseason hockey summit. The event provides a high-engagement learning opportunity for kids and coaches alike.

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Although the COVID-19 pandemic is still a reality, the USA Hockey Officiating Program is looking forward to getting everyone back on the ice in what will likely become the “new normal.”

As we get closer to minimizing the effect the virus has had on our everyday lives, the successful completion of our USA Hockey National Tournament series and the IIHF Under-18 World Championships is a promising indication that hockey is back and will be better than ever for the 2021-22 season. 

As early player registrations mirror those trends from prior to the pandemic, the following is some information as to what officials should expect over the summer months and for the start of next season.


The Summer Development Camp Program is being downsized slightly as some facilities are still not available this summer, but we have latched onto the USA Hockey Player Festivals to be able to provide a quality development experience for those officials who qualify.

The Advanced Officiating Symposium is scheduled for early August in Providence, Rhode Island.  USA Hockey is working closely with the host hotel to maximize participation while still adhering to state and local COVID-19 restrictions. The goal is to be able to accommodate everyone interested in attending this one-of-kind get together of top ice hockey officials in a dynamic and engaging program.


USA Hockey is in the midst of our quadrennial rule changes process, meaning there will be an updated 2021-2025 version of the Playing Rules Book prior to the start of the season.

Although the fundamental structure of the game will not change, there are several rule changes likely to be adopted that will require officials to pay attention to their rule knowledge and commit to the proper application of the rules. Officials will play a major role in USA Hockey’s efforts to improve the culture of body checking and, in return, officials will be provided more support through organizational initiatives to curb abuse of officials and unsportsmanlike behavior.


Officials registration for the 2021-22 season will open on June 1. However, since the updated playing rules will not be adopted until the USA Hockey Annual Congress in mid-June, hard copies of the 2021-25 Officials Playing Rules and Casebook will not be available until early August. A summary of the adopted rule changes and a PDF version of the updated rulebook should be available relatively soon after the Annual Congress. As a result, the open book exam, online module curriculum and seminar program will become available during the week of June 21.


One of the outcomes of the pandemic was it required us to take a hard look at our seminar program and make significant adjustments to best prepare our membership for success on the ice. Officials should look for the re-introduction (local restrictions permitted) of the in-person level 1 and level 2 seminars, with the level 1 format returning to an all-day seminar experience. The level 1 standardized seminar curriculum will include the online module curriculum as part of this experience in an effort to streamline their registration process. Level 2 officials will experience a half-day in-person seminar which will include an ice session. 

The virtual “zoom” classroom seminar appears to be here to stay for level 3 and level 4 officials, even though some areas may choose to also provide in-person seminars for our most experienced team members. Either way, the goal is to be able to accommodate the needs of all of our officiating members with options that provide flexibility and efficiency. The online module curriculum for level 3 and level 4 officials is also being modified to streamline their registration process without compromising the educational value.

The level 2-3-4 closed book exams will also follow a modified format like last season where they will be able to complete the exam online within seven days of the seminar they attend. It is important to note these modified closed book exams will still be timed, so they must be completed in one sitting.


The final thing to expect for the 2021-22 season? There will likely still be some restrictions and protocols that must be followed in certain local areas. The game may not look exactly like it did at the start of the 2019-20 season. Although we do not expect any full-fledged shutdowns as happened during the 2020-21 season, we will still need to be diligent and follow local guidelines in order to keep our game and its participants safe and on the ice. 

USA Hockey is excited about the opportunity to get everyone who was involved prior to the pandemic safely back on the ice. There is also huge growth potential as people feel more comfortable to get back into daily life and look for new ways to engage. There is no reason why hockey cannot be that avenue where everyone is welcomed, included and encouraged in a way that a lifelong passion for the game is nurtured.

USA Hockey thanks you for your continued support and your involvement in our programs.

Tag(s): ADM Features