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12U Q-and-A: The three most important things this season

09/11/2018, 9:00am MDT
By Roger Grillo, USA Hockey ADM Regional Manager

Q: What are three things my 12U player should be getting out of the upcoming season?

A: There are a number of important things 12U players should be getting out of this critical stage in their development, but for me, there are three that top the list.

1. Decision making skills (train the brain!)

So what am I talking about here? The 12U classification is a critical stage for helping young players develop the mental part of the game. It’s important to put these players in game-like situations where they are forced to read and react to conflict, spacing, support with the puck and without the puck over and over again so that they can learn through trial and error. We need to allow these players to put the puzzle together themselves, repeatedly, to maximize their potential for long-term success. Too often, people get so consumed with how well a kid skates or how hard their shot is or their ability to handle the puck that they overlook their ability to make good quality hockey decisions under duress. And without that ability, they can’t play the game at a high level. To me, that is the most important part of coaching this age group. The best way to teach it is through lots of small-area games and a proper practice-to-game ratio (at least 2.5 to 1 at 12U) and USA Hockey has developed great coaching materials in terms of small-area games usage in practice.

2. Body-checking/contact in practice

It’s imperative to make a commitment to teaching proper, age-appropriate body-checking and body contact at 12U (regardless of gender) and get players to understand how to effectively give and receive body contact. This should happen every time they show up to the rink.

USA Hockey strongly encourages coaches at this age classification to allow controlled, legal body-checking at various segments during every practice and also to teach the skill of effective body contact and body-checking (on and off the ice) in every practice. It is a skill and it should be taught just like skating, stickhandling, passing and shooting. Unfortunately, it’s a skill too often neglected by coaches. USA Hockey has produced many great resources that coaches can use both on and off the ice to help guide them in this area.

3. Quality performance and execution in practice

Quantity is still important, but an emphasis on quality, proper habits and doing things correctly becomes increasingly important at 12U. It is true that the sheer amount of activity that a young athlete gets is really important, however, as the athlete gets older, it’s even more important that the activity is done properly. Holding players accountable to exhibit good habits and proper technique is not always an easy thing for coaches to do, but it’s imperative, especially as players move into 12U and beyond. It makes no sense to allow players to practice the wrong things, so a focus on quality and good habits at this stage of their development is very important.


The author, Roger Grillo, has coached for more than 20 years at the high school and college levels. He spent 12 seasons as the head coach at Brown University and was a Spencer Penrose National Coach of the Year finalist in 1997-98.

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